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MATERIAL SCIENCE

Unit-I
Introduction : Historical perspective, importance of materials. Brief review of modern & atomic concepts in Physics and Chemistry. Atomic models, Periodic table, Chemical bondings. 4 Crystallography and  Imperfections : Concept of unit cell space lattice, Bravais lattices, common crystal structures, Atomic packing factor and density. Miller indices. X-ray crystallography techniques. Imperfections, Defects & Dislocations in solids. 3
 

Unit-II
Mechanical properties and Testing : Stress strain diagram, Ductile & brittle material, Stress VS strength. Toughness, Hardness, Fracture, Fatigue and Creep. Testings such as Strength testings, Hardness testing, Impact testings, Fatitue testing Creep testing, Nondestructive testing (NDT) 4
Microstructural Exam : Microscope principle and methods. Preperation of samples and Microstructure exam and grain size determination. Comparative study of microstructure
of varuious metals & alloys such as Mild steel, CI, Brass. 2
Phase Diagram and Equilibrium Diagram : Uniary and Binary diagrams, Phase rules. Types of equilibrium diagrams: Solid solution type, eutectic type and combination type.
Iron-carbon equilibrium diagram. 4
 

Unit-III
Ferrous materials : Iron and steel manufacture, furnaces. Various types of carbon steels, alloy steels and cast irons, its properties and uses. 3
Heat Treatment : Various types of heat treatment such as Annealing, Normalizing, Quenching, Tempering and Case hardening. Time Temperature Transformation (TTT)
diagrams. 2
Non-Ferrous metals and alloys : Non-ferrrous metals such as Cu, Al, Zn, Cr, Ni etc. and its applications. Various type Brass, Bronze, bearing materials, its properties and uses. Aluminum alloys such as Duralumin. Other advanced materials/alloys. 3
 

Unit-IV
Magnetic properties : Concept of magnetism - Dia, para, ferro Hysteresis. Soft and hard
magnetic materials, Magnetic storages. 2
Electric properties : Energy band concept of conductor, insulator and semi-conductor.
Intrinsic & extrinsic semi-conductors. P-n junction and transistors. Basic devices and its
application. Diffusion of Solid. 3
Super conductivity and its applications. Messier effect. Type I & II
superconductors. High Te superconductors. 2
 

Unit-V
Ceramics : Structure types and properties and applications of ceramics. Mechanickal/Electrical behaviour and processing of Ceramics. 2
Plastics : Various types of polymers/plastics and its applications. Mechanical behavious and processing of plastics. Future of plastics. 2
L T P
3 1 0
4
Other materials : Brief description of other material such as optical and thermal materials concrete, Composite Materials and its uses. 2
Performance of materials in service: Brief theoretical consi-deration of Fracture, Fatigue, and Corrosion and its control. 3
 

References :
1. W.D. Callister, Jr, - Material Science & Engineering Addition-Wesly Publishing Co.
2. Van Vlash - Elements of Material Science & Engineering John Wiley & Sons.
3. V. Raghvan - Material Science, Pretice Hall of India
4. Narula - Material Science, TMH
5. Srivastava, Srinivasan - Science of Materials Engineering Newage.
6. K.M. Gupta – Material Science

For more details, visit http://www.uktech.in/files/mechanical-2nd%20yr.pdf
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